BRUSSELS – Europe’s biggest airlines will pay more than 5 billion euros in national environmental taxes and other payments this year – funds which could have otherwise been dedicated to support the industry’s decarbonisation efforts. This includes around 590 million euros in expected payments to the EU’s ETS, (+59% vs 2018) which airlines have been a part of since 2013. Aviation is currently the only transport sector which participates in the ETS.
A4E airlines remain focused on positive solutions with a high potential to lower emissions levels, investing more than 169 billion euros in environmentally-friendly technologies until 2030. This includes the purchase of around 800 fuel-efficient aircraft, which have already reduced emissions by 24% between 2005 and 20172, and over 1 billion euros in the set up of innovative partnerships designed to fast-track the production of sustainable aviation fuels in Europe.
In addition, from 2020 onwards, the UN’s global aviation carbon emissions reduction scheme, CORSIA, will enable airlines to deliver on the industry’s goal of carbon-neutral growth by early 2020. As of July 2019, 80 states representing 77% of international aviation activity have voluntarily signed up to CORSIA – and more than half of these states are European. CORSIA will result in the mitigation of around 2.5 billion tons of CO2 between 2021 and 2035, with airlines paying to offset their emissions by investing in climate-friendly projects.
“The claim that airlines are not paying environmental taxes is completely false”, said Michael O’Leary, Chairman of A4E and Ryanair CEO. “This environmental debate has been badly misinformed. Globally, European airlines are the only airlines paying environmental taxes, forecast at over 5 billion euros in 2019, including 590 million euros in ETS, up from 370 million euros in 2018, a 59% increase. More aviation taxes are a knee-jerk reaction that will undermine European competitiveness and particularly hurt the integration and free movement of EU citizens, especially for peripheral and island Member States such as Ireland, Spain, Portugal and the Baltic States, for example”.
“The fact is, EU policy-makers have missed an opportunity to reduce aviation emissions by failing to reform the European sky or by making sustainable fuels sufficiently available for aviation. Rather than introducing new taxes – which do nothing to make flying more sustainable – EU governments should recognise and support airlines’ sustainability initiatives with better research and development opportunities”, said Thomas Reynaert, Managing Director, A4E.
Until then, European airlines will continue to invest independently in a variety of initiatives to reduce their environmental footprint:
- In 2019, airBaltic fully implemented its E-GEN project, which has enabled over 500 high precision approaches across Europe on its Bombardier Q400 NextGen fleet, significantly improving fuel efficiency levels and reducing CO2 emissions.
- KLM Royal Dutch Airlines has committed itself to the development and purchase of 75,000 tonnes of sustainable aviation fuel per year for the next 10 years, starting in 2022. It will reduce KLM’s CO2 emissions by 200,000 tonnes per year (the equivalent emissions of 1,000 KLM flights between Amsterdam and Rio de Janeiro).
- British Airways is building a plant with renewable fuels company, Velocys, to convert organic household waste into renewable jet fuel to power its fleet. It will start operations in 2024.
- Ryanair is purchasing 200 x B737 in next 5 years (value more than 20bn euros), reducing emissions by 16% per seat.
- The Lufthansa Group has pledged to become 100% carbon-neutral for all ground operations in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland by 2030.
- easyJet has a partnership with Wright Electric who are working to develop an electric aircraft with the intention that it will be viable for short-haul routes in Europe by 2030.
(1) Includes A4E airline payments under the EU ETS plus the following national aviation taxes: Austrian Air Transport Levy, French Passenger Tax, German Air Travel Tax, Norwegian Air Passenger Tax, Barcelona NOX tax, Swedish Air Travel Tax, UK Air Passenger Duty.
(2) European Aviation Environmental Report
(3) CE Delft
(4) Source: Sustainable Aviation UK, 2019